The Kaaba, the holiest building in Islam, is located in the heart of Makkah's Al-Haram mosque. In Islamic culture, it is extremely important. Travelers to Saudi Arabia for Hajj or Umrah make seven counter-clockwise circles around the Kaaba, offering prayers to Allah. Only a few people have seen or know what is within the Kaaba.
To honor God, the Prophet Ibraham and his son Ismael constructed the Kaaba. Observants are faced with it five times a day when praying to the Almighty. The building has undergone many changes over the ages. This enhances the beauty of the Kaaba's outside construction and interior perspective. The modifications were made to accommodate the increasing number of pilgrims who came to perform Hajj. Saudi Arabia's government expanded the Mosque's boundaries, which currently include 40 acres of land.
The Kaaba is a cubical structure with a 15-meter height. The cardinal directions were incorporated into the corners. The entrance was adorned with pure gold in 1982. The black silk fabric covering the Kaaba, known as Kiswah, used to arrive from Egypt with the caravan of pilgrims on their way to Hajj. Saudi Arabia now manufactures the fabric. It contains gold thread calligraphy that symbolizes the Arabic verses of the Quran. The cloth is replaced every year on the second day of Hajj with a new one.
The Holy Kaaba is a symbolic representation of Allah's house, rather than the real house of Allah. In Islamic teachings, it alludes to the ultimate power's unity. Pre-Islamic tribes worshipped a variety of gods and followed idols. The idols were housed inside the Kaaba. It is believed that Allah instructed Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) to restore Kaaba as a site of worship for only one God. The end of polytheism among the tribes was signaled, and the Kaaba became the center of devotion for Muslims.
The Kaaba and the Black Stone represent the union of all Muslims and provide them with a safe haven. The Black Stone and the Kaaba are not worshipped. Together, they represent Allah, the greatest authority. It is the matter of direction, or Qilba, that Muslims all around the world face when praying to God.
In Arabic, the word kaaba means "cube." It is a black stone building at the Grand Mosque's center. The Black Stone is said to have fallen from heaven on its eastern side during the time of Adam and Eve. According to Islamic tradition, Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) kissed the stone within the Kaaba, and pilgrims who undertake Hajj or Umrah strive to kiss it as well.
It features three wooden columns that keep the ceiling in place and covers an area of 180 square meters. Each column is about 1,350 years old, with a circumference of 150cm and a diameter of 44cm. Each of these columns has a pillar that is used to suspend presents in the structure. Abdullah bin Zubair, a prominent Muslim leader and one of the Quran's compilers, constructed the three pillars. There is an enclosed stairway that leads to a hatch, which is a closed rectangular building with no windows and just a ceiling-access door. The entryway is hidden by a silk curtain with gold and silver engravings.
The floor is made of marble, and the walls are covered in colorful marbles. The Kaaba's interiors and ceiling are covered in red silk drapes with white embroidered lettering. Inside the Kaaba, there are eight stones with Arabic writing. Inscriptions on these stones were written in a variety of characters. On the floor, there are precise marks that indicate the location where Prophet Muhammad is said to have prayed when he entered the Kaaba.
The magnificent Kaaba stays locked when pilgrims come in huge numbers during Hajj. Only Muslim dignitaries have the privilege to access the sacred Kaaba and admire its beauty.
Inside the Kaaba, the black polished stone is made up of fragments and three big pieces bound together by a silver ring. They are also surrounded by a stone ring. The stone, according to tradition, came with Adam and was originally white in color. The sins of pilgrims who touched and kissed it changed it to the current dark color.
The Black Stone, which is 30cm in diameter and stands 1.5m above the ground on one of the Kaaba's borders, is 30cm in diameter and is 30cm above the ground. When performing Tawaf (circling the Kaaba), individuals try to kiss it, but if they can't, they must point towards it. It is necessary to utter the takbeer "Allahu Akbar" while passing it.
The significance of the Black Stone and the Kaaba is reiterated in all popular legends. It is the holiest location on Earth for Muslims, the House of Allah, where all mankind must bow and pray to the Almighty; where all duas are accepted and all sins are forgiven. It leads to Jannah or heaven, where there is no sadness, disease, agony, grief, or suffering, just endless bliss.